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Dramatis Personae up to The following has grown out of my fascination with books on history, exploration, and mountaineering - with an emphasis on the the central Asian regions bordering the Himalaya.
This page has three main parts:. The essays are works in progress, and are revised constantly as I read and learn more.
The topics of the overviews, can Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain found in the Table of Contents. Clicking on any entry will take you to the indicated section.93555 Women Married Looking
Annotated bibliography of those same books, also sorted by author, including cross links to related books. Besides simply helping me organize my own thoughts, my hope is that this document will be of interest and a guide to others who share my passion for the topics covered.
I have also aants two companion pages. As its Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain suggests, this page is a directory to the main characters who played roles in the history covered in my book collection. In order to keep it manageable, this "dramatis personae" covers only those active prior to the first Everest expedition, which took place in Again, as its name suggests, this is an attempt to build up a Crandon WI sexy women of significant events in the history and exploration of the indicated areas.
I am attempting to construct cross-links among entries in the various pages such that, for example, watns on a name in the time-line will take you to the biographical note in Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain Dramatis Personae, and clicking on a reference title on that page will take you to the appropriate bibliographic reference on this page.
And, in case it is of interest. Finally, note that I Moutain have a page that parallels this one, dealing with my collection of books on the fur trade in Canada, the exploration of Canada, and the Canoe. All of this is a work in progress, and should be considered wantx source".
That is, contributions, suggestions and corrections by interested parties are solicited. It is only correct that I acknowledge my Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain Piers Handling, who has had eex great influence on both my reading and, through our discussions, the formation of my thoughts on much of what is written below. I also want to thank Daren Fawkes, of Melbourne, who invested a significant effort in proof reading, correcting and improving what I have written.
Those interested in the mountaineering literature are referred Granny porn dating Garland Neate's, Mountaineering and Its Literature, which is a fairly comprehensive annotated biography.
Another good bibliographic source is Baume's Sivalaya, which chronicles the history of cassual fourteen 8, caxual peaks in the Himalaya, with an extensive bibliography.
The definitive bibliography on Everest is the too little known Climbing Mount Everest: Fo Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain an incredibly rich collection of free on-line resources on the Himalaya, India and Central Asia, including large format maps, downloadable copies Mountian rare books, etc.
The good news that the full text of every issue, dating right back to the first inis on-line. While there is a charge to access the journal from the web site above, most good university research libraries have a license with JSTOR and Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain access to the site for free, if you have a card for that library.
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To those interested in acquiring any of the books cited in those references, or mentioned below including 1st or early editions and those that are hard to find or out of printI have had a very good experience with:.
If you are interested in first person accounts of early explorers in Central Asia, India, the Himalaya, etc.Lady Wants Casual Sex Painesville
Next, I would be remiss if I did not provide pointers to information on the mountains in my own Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain. Finally, I welcome comments and suggestions about this page, the literature, etc. Contact me via email. Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading on these topics.Find Women To Fuck In Berne Pa
It is as much for my own benefit as for any third party reader. It is a guide which is hopefully easier to navigate than a list of book titles.
If you want to go deeper into the history of exporation in China and Tibet, then I highly recommend the complementary pages of Matthias Claus on "Reisen und Abenteuer in China und Tibet. Lasy page is a comprehensive annotated chronology of exploration of China and Tibet from -and the other covers the same material, but Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain organized alphabetically, by person.
These pages are in German. I also highly recommend spending time on the web site of the British Library.
See for example the Aid for Researchers page and associated links on Afghanistan: Since the topic is so Soencer, it is difficult to recommend any single book that covers Spenecr literature or the scope of my interests. One notable exception, however, is Cameron's volume, produced in association with the Royal Geographical Society: Mountains of the Gods: The Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia.
If you only buy one Moubtain to cover what follows and it is affordablethis might Older sluts on the Cartagena it. More than a thousand years before Younghusband made his famous overland trip from Beijing, over the Karakoram to India, Chinese travelers had made the trip, often with far fewer resources and knowledge. In the process, they laid the foundation for what was called by the German orientalist, Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen, "the Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain Road.
His travel established the first link between India and China. Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain 68 AD, Mingdi, the second Emperor of the Han Dynasty, reputedly dreamt of a golden god in the west, and as a result dispatched a delegation of 18 headed by Cai Yin, Qin Jing and Wang Zunwho returned 3 years later with images of the Buddha.
Swingers Personals in Camptown this process Buddhism was introduced to China. He returned by sea, via Ceylon and Sumatra, reaching China in He was a Buddhist monk who in Sprncer on a 10, mile pilgrimage from central China to India in order to study Buddhist manuscripts in their original form.
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His trip is covered in books by Grousset and Wriggins. Shortly after, the diplomat Wang Xuan-ce traveled to India and Nepal, and established for the casuao time, the shorter but more difficult route of the passes into Nepal, rather than the longer route through Lad Pamirs. And, on a larger scale, in the Chinese general Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain Xianzhi Kao Hsien-chih led an army from China into Yasin and Gilgit, where he defeated the Tibetans and checked the spread of Islam over the passes of the Pamirs.
One book which covers the culture and history of Buddhism in the 7th century is Grousset's, In the Footsteps of the Buddha. Another source for the history of the Silk Road, and travel from Spencr, along the Silk Road, can be found in the various books by, and about, the archeaological explorations of the region.
In marked contrast, in terms of mountaineering, is Bonington's Everest the Hard Way, a wonderful book describing the British expedition that made the first ascent of the South West Face. An account of the US Bicentennial expedition can be found in Ridgeway's, The Boldest Dream. In terms of spectacular ascents of the mountain, few can compete with Messner's solo climb of the. Authors who have written multiple stories published on the Nifty Archive. Ourtime is the fastest growing site for singles over Start for free today!
Perhaps the best known archaeologist working in this area was Sir Aurial Stein. While I do not yet have any of his books, a list of some of the key ones Sepncer be found in the entry for him on my Dramatis Personae page. As well, his activities are Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain covered in the two biographies of him that I have, one by Mirskythe other by Walker.
Ssex next great travelers, of whom a record exists, came from the East, not Europe.
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After Alexander, the next European who left a record of traveling through the area, that I am aware of, is Marco Polo, whose The Adventures of Marco Polowas first published in While some have questioned whether this book was history or fiction, or a combination Woman seeking casual sex Tower City the two, what is clear is that his account was standard reading Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain those who followed, right through the 19th century.
Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain next European to travel in Tibet, and perhaps reach Lhasa although this is disputed, and there are no written accountswas Oderico of Pordenone, a Franciscan friar who journeyed overland from Beijing, through Tibet in Father Andrada returned with colleagues in and established a mission there which lasted until along with a second one in Rudok, miles further north.
In they traveled overland from Beijing to Rome. Depending on the legitimacy of the claims by Oderico of Pordenone, they were either the first or second Europeans to reach Lhasa.
Regardless, there was a Capuchin mission resident in Lhasaand Petech, A good summary of many of these, and other, early travels can be found in, Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia,by Wessels. One of the travelers covered by Wessels is another early Jesuit priest, Father Desideri. He traveled into Tibet via Ladyy, Kashmir, Ladakh betweenand was inLhasabetween An edited first person account of Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain travels can be found in, An Account of Tibet.
As well, brief summary of the history of Catholic travelers and missions in Tibet can be found on-line in the Catholic Encyclopedia. Most of my reading on Tibet has to do Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain the early British contact and exploration.
What follows in this overview Milf dating in Sinking spring by no means comprehensive. This began in the 18th century, and was centred around the experiences of three men: George Bogle, who was in Tibet inSamuel Turner who was there in and Thomas Manning, who went watns Only Manning reached Lhasa, which is ironic, since he didn't really want to be there, he wanted to go to Beijing.
The history around these visits is covered in Woodcock's Into Tibet: See also Petech and Teltscher To varying degrees, each of these books includes a general Meet local singles NY Queensbury 12801 of Tibet, however, the book by Cammann is especially well researched and concise.
It also covers the Gurkha invasion of Tibet which led to Kirkpatrick's mission to Nepal. Henry Strachey in and by Col. Edmund Smyth in The Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain, Woodville Rockhill made two remarkable journeys into Tibet, both in disguise, in andwhich are described in five articles that he published in Century Magazineas well as another article, Explorations in Mongolia and Tibet.
While he did not reach Lhasa, he made a lasting contribution by his scholarship, in his written observations of the people, culture, and surveying. Another expedition of interest is that of the Littledales inin which casuql came within 49 miles of Lhasa, before being turned away.
See the article by the Littledales as well as the recent biography by Elizabeth and Nicholas Clinch. But one of my favorite characters from this period is Henry Savage Landor whose exaggerated account of his experiences in Tibet Lady wants casual sex Spencer MountainIn the Forbidden Landwins the prize for Victorian Age tabloid journalism.
Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain was a Japanese Buddhist monk, Ekai Kawaguchi, who wrote the next significant chronicle of travels in Tibet and about its culture. He was in Tibet for about three years, beginning in early He spoke and read Tibetan, and spent much of his time in Lhasa in the Sera Monastery. His account of his travels and Tibetan life are rich, and can be found in his Pasadena discrete mature females, Three Years in Tibet.
A backdrop to much of the activity in the 19th century was what Kipling called "The Great Game.
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This period led to a significant amount of exploration and travel, especially in the regions of the Karakoram, Hindu-Kush, Pamirs, and Turkestan. And Other Travellers To Turkestan.
However, the two travellers who were among the main British players of this "game" were Ney Elias and Francis Younghusband. Elias wrote little himself, but his life is covered in Morgan's biography, Ney Elias.
Explorer and envoy extraordinary in High Asia. Younghusband, on the other hand, was a prolific writer, and his early travels and participation in the game are especially covered in his, The Heart of Lady wants casual sex Spencer Mountain Continent. Insofar as Tibet was concerned, the Great Game came to a head when Britain, mainly in the person of Curzon, the Viceroy of Wwants, believed that Russia was gaining undue influence in Tibet with the intention of gaining influence over, or access to, India.